You can equip a shield while wearing throwing knives. (no bow allows you to do this)
As an archer you can attack while stunned, even though you can't cast spells. This can save your life in PvP and against NPCs that stun.
Use Glaciate to initiate on targets (it has a slightly higher range than range weapons). Doing this gives you a chance to set up and hit your target a few times before they start making their way towards you.
There are many places you can attack NPCs at range and not be hit back.